Family PACT

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All about Male Condoms and Spermicides

Condoms and Spermicides work together to help protect you from pregnancy.

Condoms fit over the man's erect penis. Sperm are kept 

inside the condom and can't get to the woman's egg.

Spermicides cover the woman's cervix and kill the man's Sperm.
Spermicides come in foam, gel, cream, film, or suppositories.

Condoms and Spermicide can be used alone, but work
better if both are used together.

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Condoms and Spermicides

Condoms and spermicide are most effective
when used together.

How do Condoms and Spermicides work?

Condoms help keep the man's sperm out of the woman's
vagina. Condoms are made of strong latex or plastic. The
woman should use spermicide at the same time the man
uses the condom. Some condoms are made with
permicides on them. If the condom breaks or leaks, the
spermicide will help kill the man's sperm.

Condoms also help prevent the infections that can be
spread during sex. Using spermicides without condoms
will not prevent sexual infections.

How well do Condoms and
Spermicides work?

  • About 18 out of 100 women whose
    partners use condoms get pregnant in a
  • About 28 out of 100 women who use
    Spermicide alone get pregnant in a year.

What do people like about using
Condoms and Spermicides?

  • You can buy condoms and spermicides in
    any drugstore or supermarket.
  • They cause no health problems.
  • Condoms will help protect you from HIV (the
    virus that causes AIDS) and other sexual
  • For some men, condoms make sex last
  • Both partners are involved in preventing
Provider and Client

condoms and spermicides.

What do some people dislike?

  • You may have to stop what you are
    doing to use them.
  • The spermicide may irritate the vagina
    or penis.
  • You must use a new condom and put
    in more spermicide every time you
    have sex.
  • It may lessen sensations.
  • Both partners need to be involved in
    the success of the method.

Use a new condom every time you have sex.

Opening Condom packet

Open the package carefully.





How to use a condom

Use a new condom every time you have sex. Put the condom
on before the penis touches the partner's vagina, anus, or mouth.

  • Open the package with care, so you don't tear it.
  • Hold the tip of the condom to squeeze out the air.
  • Roll the condom onto the erect penis.
  • Use a water-based lube with the condom to make it feel
  • After the man comes, hold onto the base of the condom
    as the penis is pulled out.
  • Carefully take the condom off and throw it in the trashcan.
    Do not flush it down the toilet.
  • Use a new condom with each sex act. Do not re-use condoms

Things to remember

  • Store condoms in a cool, dry place.                                  
  • Check the expiration date of the condoms.
  • Use only water-based lubricants. Don't use Vaseline or other oil-based products. It will    
    damage the condom.
  • If your condom breaks or leaks during sex, ask your Family PACT provider about
    Emergency Contraceptive pills.

How to use spermicides

Spermicides work best when put in just before having sex. Most   
spermicides should be in the vagina at least 10 minutes before
they work. Follow the directions on the package of the
spermicide you have chosen.

For example, if you choose foam:

  • Shake the birth control foam can at least 20 times.
  • Then fill the applicator with foam.
  • Put the applicator deep into the vagina. Press gently to push
    the spermicide up into the vagina.
  • Every time you have sex, use another applicator full of foam.
    Fill the applicator with foam.

Ask your Family PACT provider to tell you about spermicidal film,
suppositories, foam, cream and gel.

Filling the applicator with foam

Fill the applicator with foam.

Let your provider know if:

  • You or your partner has a latex allergy.
  • You frequesntly have bladder or yeast infections.                                                               

2007 Department of Health Care Services, Office of Family Planning, All rights reserved. Revised 2013                                                           
OF2573 Foam/Condom ENG For additional copies, visit