Family PACT


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    Choosing Your Birth Control Method

    Need no-cost birth control methods and family planning services?
    Family PACT is here to help. 

    • All these methods are safe for most people to use.
      Talk with a Family PACT provider about what method is
      right for you.
    • Some methods work better than others. Some methods
      work very well no matter what. Other methods work well
      only if you use them the right way every time. The numbers  
      below show how well each method worked in 100 women
      using the method for one year, giving the percentage of
      women who do not get pregnant in one year.
    • Want to protect yourself from HIV and other sexual
      infections
      ? Use condoms for men or women every time you        
      have sex. Or decided not to have sex at all. 
    • Had sex with no method? You can still prevent pregnancy.
      Ask about Emergency Contraceptive Pills.
    • Want to find a Family PACT provider near you? Go to
      www.familypact.org and enter your zip code in the box
      marked "Find Providers." Or call toll-free 800-942-1054.


    Birth Control Method       



    How you use it                  

    How
      well it  
     works
     



      Pros                           
     



    Cons                        
     



    Helpful Tips                    
     

    Long Term Methods: These methods are the most effective and are safe and easy to use. None of these methods protect against HIV         
    and other sexual infections. Use condoms (for men or women) when you have sex to protect yourself from these infections.

    Implant

    Implant
    • Health care provider
      places it under the
      skin of the woman's
      arm.
    • Lasts 3 years.


     Almost  
    100%
    • Few side effects.
    • Once in, there's
      nothing more to
      do.



    • Causes changes
      in your periods.





    • After 3 years,
      have it taken out    
      and have a new
      one put in.



    IUC

    IUC 

    • Health care provider
      places it in woman's
      uterus.
    • There are two kinds.
    • Lasts 3-10 years.


    99%
    • Few side effects.
    • Once in, there's
      nothing more to
      do.



    • Can cause some
      cramping when
      placed.




    • Check the
      threads once a
      month




    Sterilization
    for Women

    Female reproductive organs 
    • Health care provider
      cuts or blocks the
      women's tubes
      through the abdomen
      or cervix.

    99%
    • Does not change
      your sex life.
    • Permanent.



    • Considered
      permanent.



    • Consent must be     
      signed 30 days
      ahead of time.
    • Afterwards, you
      may need to get
      tested.

    Sterilization
    for Men

    Male reproductive organs
    • Health care provider
      cuts or blocks the
      man's tubes.





    99%
    • Does not change
      your sex life.
    • Permanent.





    • Considered
      permanent.





    • Consent must be
      signed 30 days
      ahead of time.
    • Afterwards, get a   
      sperm count.



    Hormonal Methods: All of these methods are for women only and are safe for most women to use. They may cause changes in your             
    period, spotting, bleeding between periods, and other side effects. None of these methods will protect you from HIV or other sexual
    infections. Use condoms (for men or women) when you have sex to protect yourself from these infections.

    Shot                               

    Shot 
    • Health care provider 
      gives woman a shot  
      every 12 weeks.



        94%  
    • Easy to use.
    • Light periods or
      no periods at all.   



    • May have some 
      weight gain.




    • Get a shot every 
      12 weeks




    Ring

    Ring 
    • Health care provider
      prescribes it.
    • Woman puts a new
      ring in her vagina
      once a month.

    91%
    • Easy to use.





    • Must insert and
      remove the ring.




    • Use the ring for
      three weeks and
      leave out for one
      week.


    Patch

    Patch 
    • Health care provider
      prescribes it.
    • Woman puts new
      patch on each week.



    91%
    • Easy to use.






    • May have a
      localized skin
      rash.




    • Change the patch    
      on the same day
      of the week for 3
      weeks in a row.
    • Don't put a patch on
      the 4th week. 


    Pill

    Pill 
    • Health care provider
      prescribes it.
    • Woman takes one
      pill every day.


    91%
    • Easy to use.
    • Prevents cramps
      and heavy
      bleeding during
      periods.

    • Must take the
      pill every day at
      about the same
      time.


    • Can help you
      schedule your
      periods.



    Mini-Pill

    Mini Pill 
    • Health care provider
      prescribes it.
    • Woman takes one
      pill every day.


    91%
    • Easy to use.
    • OK for women
      who cannot take
      estrogen.


    • Must take the 
      pill every day at
      about the same
      time            
      every day.

    • Good choice for
      women who can't   
      use estrogen.




    Birth Control Method       



    How you use it                  

    How
    well it  
    works



      Pros                            
     



    Cons                          
     



    Helpful Tips                    
     

    Barrier Methods: You must use these methods every time you have sex. Only condoms for men or women help prevent HIV and other           
    sexual infections.

    Diaphragm

    Diaphragm 
    • Woman goes to a
      provider once to be
      fitted.
    • She uses it every time
      she has sex.


     88%  
    • Can put it in
      ahead of time.
    • Can be used
      again and again.



    • Takes practice to
      learn how to use
      it.




    • Must be used with    
      spermicide.





    Condoms for Men

    Condoms for Men






     
    • Man uses a new
      condom every time
      he has sex.





     82% 
    • Can buy in a drug
      store.
    • Protects you from
      HIV and other
      sexual infections.
    • There are many
      kinds to choose
      from.

    • May be allergic to
      latex.
    • Can break or slip
      off.





    • Store your
      condoms in a
      cool, dry place.
    • Use only water-
      based lubricants.
    • If you are allergic     
      to latex, you can
      get condoms
      made without
      latex.

    Condoms for Women

    Condoms for Women 
    • Woman uses a new
      condom every time
      she has sex.






    79%
    • Can buy in a drug
      store.
    • Protects you from
      HIV and other
      sexual infections.




    • Takes practice to
      learn hou to put
      it in.






    • Take your time
      putting it in.







    Sponge

    Birth Control Sponge 
    • Woman uses a new
      sponge every time
      she has sex.



     76%*
    • Can buy it in a
      drugstore.
    • Can put it in
      ahead of time.


    • Hard to take out
      sometimes.




    • Have extra
      sponges on hand.




    Spermicides

    Spermicides 
    • Woman puts it in her
      vagina.
    • She uses it every time
      she has sex.


     72% 
    • Can buy in a drug
      store.
    • There are many
      kinds.


    • Can be messy.





    • Spermicides
      work best with
      condoms or
      another barrier
      method.

    Cap

    Birth Control Cap 
    • Woman goes to a
      provider once to be
      fitted.
    • She uses it every
      time she has sex.

    71%**
    • Can put it in
      ahead of time.
    • Can be used
      again and again.


    • Takes practice to
      learn how to use
      it.



    • Must be used with
      spermicide.




    Information-Based Methods:  You and your partner must work together to use these methods. Abstinence can protect you from HIV and        
    other sexual infections, but Fertility Awareness Methods do not. 

    Abstinence

    Abstinence 
    • You and your partner
      decide not to have
      sex.



    Up to
    100%  
    • Can decide not
      to have sex if you   
      have no other
      method.
    • It is free.

    • If you change your
      mind and decide to
      have sex, you will
      not be protected.

       
    • Decide what you
      want to do ahead   
      of time.
    • Talk with your
      partner about it.

    Fertility Awareness
    Methods

    Fertility Awareness Method 
    • Keep track of
      monthly changes in
      your body.
    • Do not have sex or
      use a barrier method
      during some parts
      of the month.
       
    76%
    • It is free.
    • Learn how your
      body works.



     

    • Can take time to
      learn.
    • Need to astain
      or use a barrier
      method during
      some parts of the
      month.

    • Talking with
      your partner
      about it really
      helps.




    Effectiveness rates are for typical use according to Contraceptive Technology, 20th Edition, 2011.   

    *   This rate is for women who have had a baby. For women who have not had a baby, the rate 
         is 88%. 

    ** This rate is from the FDA-approved patient insert and is for women who have had a baby.
        For women who have not had a baby, the rate is 86%.

    2012 Department of Health Care Services, Office of Family Planning.  Revised 2017. All Rights Reserved.
    Any one shown in these photos is a model. The photos are used for illustrative purposes only.
    For additional copies, go to: www.familypact.org.
    OF4068 BC Facts ENG

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