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California Department of Health Services
|There are two kinds of birth control, reversible
and permanent. Permanent birth control for men
is called vasectomy. Permanent birth control for
women is called tubal sterilization or a "tubal". This
pamphlet is about vasectomy. For more information
about tubal sterilization, ask for the pamphlet,
"Permanent Birth Control for Women."
The information about vasectomy in this pamphlet
You may want permanent birth control if:
How does vasectomy work?
A man's testicles make sperm constantly. During
During a vasectomy the vas deferens are blocked.
What happens to the sperm?
The testicles continue to make sperm, but the body
How is vasectomy done?
This operation is done in a doctor's office or clinic.
What are the risks?
Any operation can cause health problems-some
Serious health problems are rare. They include
What will I feel during the operation?
Most men say they feel a brief sharp stinging when
What should I expect after the operation?
You will go home a few hours after the operation.
When can I start having sex again after the
You can start having sex as soon as you feel
How soon will I be able to stop using other
After the operation, you can still get a woman
How effective is vasectomy?
Vasectomy is a very effective and permanent way to
How will vasectomy affect me?
Vasectomy will NOT:
Many men enjoy sex more after having a vasectomy
Some men may regret having had a vasectomy. You
Are there any health problems that can occur
Vasectomy has NOT been shown to cause cancer,
Will vasectomy protect me from STIs and HIV?
No. Vasectomy will not protect you from STIs
Can vasectomy be undone?
Vasectomy should be considered permanent.
Some men are interested in storing their sperm
Are there any forms I need to fill out?
You will need to sign a consent form before your
Is a vasectomy the same as castration?
No. Vasectomy is simply blocking the tubes
Are there other ways to prevent pregnancy?
Before you make up your mind about vasectomy,
If you think you might want
Vasectomy may be a good choice for you if:
Think carefully about your decision to use
Make up your own mind about what is right
METHODS OF BIRTH CONTROL
||Pregnancies in 100
couples in the first year
of typical use
|Vasectomy||Less than one|
|Tubal sterilization||Less than one|
|Intrauterine contraception||Less than one|
|Contraceptive injection||Less than one|
|Birth control pills||5|
|Contraceptive patch or ring||2|
|Diaphragm, cervical cap||20|
Additional copies of this brochure
may be obtained from the
Department of Health Care Services web site.