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California Department of Health Services
|There are two kinds of birth control, reversible and
permanent. Permanent birth control for women is
called tubal sterilization or a "tubal." Permanent birth
control for men is called vasectomy. This pamphlet
is about tubal sterilization. For more information
about vasectomy, ask for the pamphlet, "Permanent
Birth Control for Men."
The information about tubal sterilization in this
You may want permanent birth control if:
How does tubal sterilization work?
|Every month, a woman's
ovaries release an
egg that moves down the
fallopian tubes to the
uterus. If a man's sperm
meets the woman's egg
in the fallopian tubes, the
woman may get pregnant.
After the tubal sterilization,
both tubes are blocked so
that the sperm cannot
reach the egg. This
What happens to the egg?
An egg is still released from the ovary each month,
How is tubal sterilization done?
The operation is done under anesthesia in an
After you get the anesthesia, there are several ways
Which type of tubal would be best for me?
Talk with your doctor about the different types of
What are the risks?
Any operation can cause health problems - some
Serious health problems are rare. Serious health
When can I have the tubal?
The operation can be done:
What should I expect after the operation?
Most women will go home on the same day of the
After the tubal, when can I start having sex again?
You can start having sex as soon as you feel
When can I stop using my current birth control
That depends on how your doctor closes the tubes.
How effective is tubal sterilization?
Tubal sterilization is a very effective and permanent
How will having a tubal affect me?
Tubal sterilization will NOT:
Many women enjoy sex more after having a tubal
A small percentage of women later regret having
Will a tubal sterilization protect me from STIs
No. Tubal sterilization will not protect you from
Can tubal sterilization be undone?
Tubal sterilization should be considered
Are there any forms I need to fill out?
You will need to sign a consent form before your
Is a tubal the same as a
No. During a tubal, none of a
Before you make up your mind about tubal
If you think you might want children in the future,
Tubal sterilization may be a good choice for
Think carefully about your decision to use
Make up your own mind about what is right
|METHODS OF BIRTH CONTROL|
100 couples in
the first year of
|Vasectomy||Less than one|
|Tubal sterilization||Less than one|
|Intrauterine contraception||Less than one|
|Contraceptive injection||Less than one|
|Birth control pills||5|
|Contraceptive patch or ring||2|
|Diaphragm, cervical cap||20|
Additional copies of this brochure
may be obtained from the
Department of Health Care Services web site.