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Sexually Transmitted Infections
What are STIs?
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections people can get from having sex with someone who has one.
STIs can be painful and can cause many health problems, even death. STIs can make it hard for a woman to get pregnant or for a man to be able to father children. STIs also can cause problems for babies.
There are many kinds of STIs. The most common are:
- HPV (the virus that causes genital warts)
- HIV (the virus that causes AIDS)
- Hepatitis B
How do people get STIs?
- People get STIs from having sex using a penis, vagina, mouth, or anus.
- Some STIs can be spread by kissing, touching, or rubbing those parts of the body.
- People also can spread STIs from sharing needles.
How can STIs be prevented?
The best way to prevent STIs is not to have any kind of sex.
- But if you do have sex, you should use a condom every time you have sex.
- If you have any signs or symptoms of STIs, don't have sex. Don't touch the sores.
- Have sex with only one person who only has sex with you.
What are the signs and symptoms of STIs?
It's important to remember that STIs often have no signs or symptoms.
But some signs to watch out for are:
- Pain, burning, or itching around the vagina, penis, or anus.
- Sores, warts, blisters, swelling, or a rash on or around the penis, vagina, anus, or mouth.
- A bad discharge or strange smell from the vagina or penis.
What should I do if I get an STI?
Get treated right away. Most STIs can be cured if you get help right away. Don't have sex again until you and your partner have finished your treatment. When you start having sex again, always use a condom.
Note: The information provided on this website is for general information only. It is not intended to be taken as medical advice. Ask your Family PACT provider for the information that you need to make good healthy choices.